r/dataisbeautiful OC: 7 Dec 01 '22 Gold 1 Wholesome 1 All-Seeing Upvote 1 Masterpiece 1 Silver 3

A shaded relief map of South America rendered from 3d data and satellite imagery [OC] OC

Post image
19.5k Upvotes

413 comments sorted by

1.0k

u/CLBUK OC: 1 Dec 01 '22

Incredible to see the size of the Amazon river basin dominating the top half of the continent.

493

u/MrBurnz99 Dec 01 '22

It’s amazing how flat the Amazon is. Just incredibly dense forest and rivers

318

u/Booty-nozzle Dec 01 '22

And cleared cattle farms and lumber yards!

115

u/i_used_to_have_pants Dec 01 '22

Don’t forget the soy and palm fields!

71

u/Mutorials Dec 01 '22

Soy which is used for cattle feed, so pretty much part of the cattle farms

8

u/FantasmaNaranja Dec 02 '22

nah most of the soy is exported they use the leftovers to feed the cattle

it's efficient see? you get to destroy the world way faster that way and make a neater profit!

2

u/notshaggy Dec 02 '22

Exported to other farms... for livestock feed...

→ More replies
→ More replies

25

u/henrique3d Dec 01 '22

Just soy. Palm oil is produced in Indonesia. Although there's a few açaí fields there, so...

10

u/haux_haux Dec 01 '22

There's loads of palm oil plantations when you drive from Peru to Brazil (though the 'forest' but its all cattle farms and palm oil plantations). Sad

17

u/Coolguy123456789012 Dec 01 '22

I have been to palm oil plantations in South America, they definitely exist.

22

u/teun95 Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 02 '22

But there's not that many, a minimal amount compared to Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. It seems that the entirety of South America produces less Palm Oil than 2x Thailand. Knowing that 90% of all Palm Oil is produced by Indonesia and Malaysia puts this into perspective.

Cattle is the thing to worry about in South America. 90% of deforestation is for cattle, 10% for soy (of which 80% is used for feeding cattle). Not for human food, but for our food's food.

Broadly speaking meat requires 10x as much crop than feeding people directly. Crazy how if we all went vegan, deforestation wouldn't be an issue. But we're not going to.

Humans are a dumb bunch.

Edit1: Just found out that half of Australia's forest was lost in the past 200 years and that the beef industry is linked to 73% of land clearings in Queensland. WTF..

4

u/S0ulace Dec 02 '22

More number better !! Honestly there’s a lot lost if we all went vegan . Plus lots of land is more suited to grazing than farming - inclines , etc. Not to mention long term sustainable farming- not reliant on fertiliser and pesticides - requires crop rotation and animal waste .

3

u/GreyGreenBrownOakova Dec 02 '22

yeah, cattle stations in Australia aren't suitable for growing much else. Sheep are farmed on wheat properties as part of a crop rotation.

Unfortunately the US, China and EU have subsidies for grain fed animals, so they still have feed lots.

2

u/teun95 Dec 02 '22

yeah, cattle stations in Australia aren't suitable for growing much else.

Nearly half of Australia's forest have been lost in the past 200 years. 8% of forest has been lost since 2000. 73% of all land clearing in Queensland is linked to beef production.

The land didn't all used to be barren. I'd say that stopping the current land clearing and growing back forests are a pretty good alternative to beef production. It has cost Australia so much!

Getting rid of all cattle stations and simply redirecting the food that was previously going towards livestock means that there will actually be more food. Sounds like a great deal to me. More forest and more food.

→ More replies
→ More replies
→ More replies
→ More replies

7

u/patagoniac Dec 02 '22

And here you can see not all South America is jungle

34

u/orthopod Dec 01 '22

Also cool to see the effects of adiabatic cooling and moisture loss on the leeward side of the Andes. It's a desert on the west side.

11

u/Edstructor115 Dec 01 '22

This is mainly thanks to the Humboldt current the Andes just prevent the eastern weather to get there but with out the current both side would be mostly the same weather.

5

u/shitwheresmyjuul Dec 02 '22

This might be the coolest post I've seen in a long time.

4

u/gustini Dec 02 '22

But only on the low latitudes, south of Santiago the desert is on the east side and the forests on the west.

→ More replies

89

u/alfred_27 Dec 01 '22

The entire forest is like space, there’s soo much we haven’t explored yet

44

u/serpentjaguar Dec 01 '22

That dark green strip along the eastern slope of the Andes is arguably the most remote, inaccessible and unexplored region on the planet. Anyone who has been there knows why. The combination of the terrain and the jungle render most of it entirely out of reach for any but the most well-funded and expert expeditions, of which there are scant few. Much of it is really only accessible by helicopter, which is dangerous as fuck.

8

u/apotre Dec 02 '22

Is there a specific name for that area?

23

u/serpentjaguar Dec 02 '22

As far as I know it's just the eastern slope of the Andes. Depending on what country you are in there are specific "departamentos" or regions --like US states-- that encompass parts of the region.

I myself am familiar with Peru's Madre de dios ("Mother of God" in English) department, but it's only one of many in at least 4 or 5 different nominally Andean countries.

The larger takeaway is again that there simply is no way to easily access much of the entire region. It's a land of giant high-altitude vertical valleys and razor thin ridges laced through by great roaring rivers and thundering waterfalls and terrible weather and visibility. There are a handful of indigenous trails through the area, as well as a few roads that are open for a month or two per year, but in general it scoffs at humanity and our paltry efforts.

3

u/Llamalover1234567 Dec 02 '22

Darkest Peru (that’s a joke)

69

u/uranusaurus_rex Dec 01 '22

And unlike space, we’re making great progress “exploring” the amazons!

20

u/GlitterDoomsday Dec 01 '22

Hope they stop tearing it down cause is a matter of time til we stumble over an unknown specie of bug that carries a lethal disease or something like that.

37

u/FitzChevalricZiener Dec 01 '22

Oh that's what you're worried about

9

u/i_used_to_have_pants Dec 01 '22

Of course, you think people care about tge death of our planet?
It’s always I, Me and Mine

→ More replies

9

u/Carioca Dec 02 '22

That's only true if by “we” you mean Europeans and not humanity as a whole. There's people living all over it (though obviously sparsely) and there's growing evidence that it used to be more densely populated before European contact, with very complex trading networks, usually along rivers.

There's even growing evidence that the original rainforest was like 20% manmade

4

u/chisel_jockey Dec 02 '22

Got any links supporting that? Would be interesting to read about the history of people living in the region

→ More replies

2

u/Pressed_Thumb Dec 07 '22

Also if by "we" they mean people using the internet.

16

u/The_Happiest_Man Dec 01 '22

River Map

I saw posted a little while ago, really cool to compare the two maps.

6

u/Fatshortstack Dec 01 '22

Kinds looks like a porkchop.

2

u/LateralEntry Dec 02 '22

And the Andes running down the west coast like a spine

→ More replies

341

u/bookon Dec 01 '22

Also a fun way to visualize plate tectonics.

106

u/Hesstergon Dec 01 '22

And westerlies/trade winds! look at how the green land on the map is on the left side of the mountains at the very bottom and on the right side of the mountains north of that. It's a perfect visualization of how the prevailing winds come off the coast.

13

u/Single-Bad-5951 Dec 01 '22

Does that mean the wind mostly blows in from and rains on the East in the majority of the continent?

14

u/TDoMarmalade Dec 02 '22

Yep, warm equatorial currents + the east to west winds of the Hadley cells = tropical rainforest

86

u/tonythewalrus Dec 01 '22

Those mountains block all the moisture from the Amazon region. The desert in northern Chile you can see is one of the driest places in the world. There are weather stations there that have never seen rain and NASA uses it as a simulation for Mars for research and testing instruments.

16

u/cuterops Dec 01 '22

If it wasn't for the amazon and the Andes my city would be a desert if I remember right. In the center of the state of sao Paulo

5

u/VEI8 Dec 02 '22

Is the moisture purely from snowmelt? How come you don't see a rain shadow effect like on the Northern side of the Himalayas?

5

u/Edstructor115 Dec 02 '22

It the opposite actually the Andes block and air and sea current that pushed the moisture north so instead of reaching Chile's North it skips it.

2

u/kimilil OC: 1 Dec 02 '22

The dry southwestern coast is more the result of the cold Humboldt Current than other factors. Similar cold water currents played a big role in the dryness of the southwestern parts of other continents i.e. Namibia and Western Australia.

49

u/OubiUamCanoubi Dec 01 '22

Kinda crazy that most of Buenos Aires province is even flatter than Uruguay

35

u/TrafficOnTheTwos Dec 01 '22

Currently sitting in Buenos Aires and can confirm she’s flat as fuck boi

9

u/patagoniac Dec 01 '22

The Pampas of Argentina are really flat

6

u/PointyPython Dec 02 '22

I'm more surprised by Patagonia honestly. I know it's a plateau and this map shows it, but honestly having travelled through it by land I can't say I noticed — it was always a fairly flat depressing desert that suddenly turned green, luscious, Alps-like when you reach the foot of the Andes

13

u/I_spread_love_butter Dec 01 '22

That's prime agricultural land. Sadly these lands are being slowly bought out by foreign corpos.

396

u/hali26 Dec 01 '22

I must say, this map makes me wonder where most of Chile’s population lives. Do they live on the mountains or on either side of it? Must be tough as shit for access no?

394

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

Close to half of the population lives in Santiago, which looks like a small hole in the center of Chile in this map. Being surrounded by mountains including Los Andes and having such population density contributes to a heavy smog problem.

I live in a city by the sea close to Santiago, and most people live in hills. Sometimes you can hear "in which hill do you live?" in casual conversation. To reach Santiago you need to go through a few tunnels that are part of the highway.

100

u/chin-ki-chaddi OC: 3 Dec 01 '22

Valparaiso? Its one of my dream destinations.

86

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

Yes! If you ever visit I recommend a hill called "Cerro Alegre". It's beautiful, has a lot of good restaurants and it is tourist friendly. BUT the center of the city smells and looks like piss and you need to be a little weary these days (not look too much like a tourist and keep your belongings close).

25

u/super__nova Dec 01 '22

Damn!

A couple of years ago I visited Reñaca, God damn, what a beautiful small neighborhood.

Beach close to small hills, amazing view 😍

I hope to go back someday.

17

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

Yes, Reñaca can be very nice! I hope you didn't go in the summer (especially from december to february), it's so filled with people that you can barely move.

Also, the whole region has some of the best temperatures, never too hot never too cold, so I think any time in the year is fine to visit.

8

u/super__nova Dec 01 '22

I've heard it is top3 summer destination for affluent Chileans. Is it true?

I remember seeing quite a few Ferraris and Lamborghinis on the street.

But no, i went in October. Chilly, but my favorite weather anyway.

8

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

I'm not too sure if it's just the affluent, I think it's sort of a middle ground vacation place, in fact both Reñaca and Viña del mar are unfortunately refered to as "Santiago's backyard".

I would say the stereotype for people with a lot of money here is to have a lake house in the southern regions.

Smart choice of vacation timing btw!

3

u/MexicanSuperman Dec 02 '22

You may have heard of it but I went to Valparaiso University in Indiana, US, very close to Chicago. I had a coworker whose fiancé is from Valparaiso, Chile and he thought it was so funny. They stopped through on a trip to Chicago and he bought a sweatshirt, he wears it all the time

4

u/ziot- Dec 02 '22

I had never heard of it!! Wikipedia even says the city is referred colloquially as Valpo, which is such a spanish thing to do. This feels just like the first time I saw the Texas flag, how come we can't have anything unique!

It is a common joke in south american countries that Chile stole all the food recipes from our neighbors and we don't have an original culture:( (they're kind of right lol)

→ More replies

5

u/Xboxben Dec 01 '22

Fish market is cool as fuck too! $5 for two stone crabs is insane! Ah and the butter here is amazing! Im here right now as a digital nomad

2

u/drifter006 Dec 02 '22

How does one become a digital nomad? Sounds exciting.

2

u/Xboxben Dec 02 '22

Honestly really easy! Get a remote job that doesn’t have a legal mandate you work in the states! Then get a good mobile set up and find places that are cheep with good internet! Fuck ton of us in Columbia and mexico due to time zone reasons! I got lucky getting a remote job and had to search for 5 months.

→ More replies

28

u/freakers Dec 01 '22

Seeing some of the streetview shots overlooking La Paz in Bolivia are absurd. Just this massive city nestled inbetween the mountains and just continuing up the hills.

https://www.google.ca/maps/@-16.4955965,-68.1644661,3a,75y,36.56h,77.54t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1swREbyWZsHrlpS258v88Xzw!2e0!7i13312!8i6656!5m1!1e4

6

u/Xboxben Dec 01 '22

You can be standing on a 6000M mountain within a days reach of the city

→ More replies

9

u/offu Dec 01 '22

Have you ever felt an earthquake? We have earthquakes all the time where I live (East Tennessee Seismic Zone) but they are always too small to feel. Y’all get the big ones!

24

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

Yes, a few actually. People here are so used to them that we barely even acknowledge it in our day to day lives. I've been told and have worked with Venezuelan immigrants that run frightened when one happens and can't get used to the fact no one here cares that much.

On the other hand your hurricanes and tornadoes are stuff of nightmares to me. When I was little I knew people had basements in the US and thought we needed one just in case but my parents knew better haha.

8

u/offu Dec 01 '22

Where I live, between the mountains (only 2,000m, nothing like the Andes), we are mostly safe from Tornadoes and Hurricanes.

We do not have basements in this part of the country. Much too expensive to dig into the rock, probably the same reason as where you live. Up in the north they do, it seems like every house in the Midwest has a basement. Must be so nice.

7

u/ziot- Dec 01 '22

Ohh for some reason I thought almost everyone had a basement in the US. You're right, it is too expensive and unreasonable in the mountains.

6

u/glengarryglenzach Dec 02 '22

Basements are necessary where it gets very cold to get the foundation of the house beneath the frost line.

→ More replies
→ More replies

8

u/memayonnaise Dec 01 '22

That must be beautiful

2

u/jjolla888 Dec 02 '22

why do so few people live in the south?

i can tell that a lot of it doesn't have road access, but it appears to be lush and i bet very fertile. are there plans to add travel infrastructure there?

→ More replies

46

u/MayonaiseBaron Dec 01 '22

There is a very long valley with a more moderate climate down the middle. Keep in mind 40% of the country lives in Santiago.

27

u/Hash_Tooth Dec 01 '22

Yeah, even flying over the Andes is a bitch.

I have never felt a plane moving so fast as flying out of Chile, they were hauling ass.

23

u/notlikeyourex Dec 01 '22

Flying over the Andes from São Paulo to Santiago I was surprised both by how close to the peak the plane gets and how fucking fast and steep is the ramp down to the airport!

10

u/Hash_Tooth Dec 01 '22

It’s even worse in Peru than in Santiago, I was shocked by the descent into Cusco

4

u/anweisz Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 01 '22

You should check out the descent to the airport in Pasto, Colombia. Nothing quite like it.

Esit: On second thought the Bucaramanga one is a little similar.

4

u/Hash_Tooth Dec 03 '22

Okay this one is pretty fucking crazy.

I said out loud “Are you serious? That’s the runway?”

4

u/Hash_Tooth Dec 03 '22

Bucaramanga looks a lot like the airport where I landed my first plane. I couldn’t believe they let me do it.

3

u/ArabianAnarchist Dec 02 '22

Seriously this. There is a reason that airport is only open like 8 hours a day or something.

2

u/GreyGreenBrownOakova Dec 02 '22

The old airport in Quito was pretty crazy for a national capital- volcanoes and mountains on all sides, commercial and high rise buildings right up to the runway.

110

u/max10192 Dec 01 '22

The ways of our people are not so easily disclosed.

19

u/AgoraiosBum Dec 01 '22

Starting a bit above Santiago, there's a long valley that runs down to the Gulf of Ancud.

It's actually pretty great farmland, since there are lots of rivers flowing from the mountains and further south it gets more rain.

Then, those same rivers typically carve paths to the Pacific running east to west, which provides coastal access. Like the Maipo River and Santiago

15

u/panchoadrenalina Dec 01 '22

also if you zoom in youll see a flat area between the 2 mountain chains? that is the central valley and most of chile lives there

10

u/HansWolken Dec 01 '22

We live in the narrow valleys.

4

u/CoffeeBoom Dec 01 '22

Look on google Earth, there is like a long vertical green valley between the Ocean and the Andes.

10

u/themilkman42069 Dec 01 '22

Really?

Cause this map made me understand why Chile was a separate country

18

u/Dazzling_Ad5338 Dec 01 '22

Nearly 40% of the population of Chile live in Santiago mate.

2

u/Shlevin_pop Dec 02 '22

On a clear day, in a tall enough building near the coast you can see the ocean and the Andes.

→ More replies

179

u/visualgeomatics OC: 7 Dec 01 '22

Source: GEBCO Elevation Data, Sentinel-2 satellite imagery

Tools: Blender, QGIS, Global Mapper, Photoshop

Description: I combined sentinel-2 imagery with surface model data to cast light on it and create a pretty image that looks 3d. The map has lots of vertical exaggeration to bring out the topography, and I've coloured in the water, otherwise the image is a natural colour representation! Check out other examples on my instagram

34

u/ean5cj Dec 01 '22

This is so deliciously crisp!!!! 💚

17

u/easy_being_green Dec 01 '22

What scaling factor for the vertical exaggeration?

21

u/danita Dec 01 '22

"Too much".

3

u/funkdified Dec 01 '22

I would like to know as well!

6

u/Censing Dec 01 '22

'Log in to view posts from visualwallmaps'

These look really nice, do you have them uploaded anywhere else? I'd rather not have to make an Instagram account but would love to browse all you've made

2

u/visualgeomatics OC: 7 Dec 02 '22

Most of the maps I've made are posted in my Reddit profile. Otherwise my website has everything else visualwallmaps.com

→ More replies

2

u/rogueindian Dec 02 '22

Hey, I've dm''ed you the link to their catalog, not sure about link posting rules in the sub

→ More replies

5

u/poopatroopa3 Dec 01 '22

Can you share a higher resolution render?

4

u/[deleted] Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 10 '22

[removed] — view removed comment

6

u/LoreHaziel Dec 01 '22

The bay is there. Is simply hard to see because of the shadows of the relief and the different coloration of the waters from the ocean. Makes it somewhat dark green. But you can see Rio quite well, including Governador Island if you zoom in.

4

u/marigolds6 Dec 01 '22

Which hillshade algorithm and what color scale did you use?

Also... GEBCO? While it is one of the better bathymetry sources, I've not seen it used much for terrestrial topography. I would have gone with SRTM/NASADEM most likely for south american topography.

(Also, have you considered changing your scale for water instead of coloring it in and adding more bathymetric detail since you are using GEBCO?)

3

u/visualgeomatics OC: 7 Dec 02 '22

The land models for GEBCO come from SRTM I believe but I might be wrong on that one... I use it for the small scale projects at a continental size since I don't have to worry about downsampling a huge amount of tiles that have more resolution than is needed.

3

u/AmIIRL Dec 01 '22

Very cool. Do you do commissioned work? I've been trying for ages to find a good terrain map in Fuller Projection with country borders. I'd be willing to pay a fair wage for your time.

3

u/visualgeomatics OC: 7 Dec 02 '22

If you want to reach out we can chat, I'm currently not taking on any commissions til the new year but if you aren't in a hurry I'm sure I can get something done for you.

2

u/artfulpain Dec 01 '22

Fantastic work!

2

u/Vast_System3495 Dec 01 '22

Can I get this as a large poster?

→ More replies

72

u/MisterJose Dec 01 '22

Hmm, look at that accumulation of mountains along the eastern coast in that one area. I bet no one lives there.

Now that big bit of flat land in the middle, I bet everyone lives there! Even has a cool river.

11

u/zekethelizard Dec 01 '22

I found it interesting, I know of the Andes but never heard of this range. It looks like it compares to the Appalachian range in eastern NA opposing the Rockies

Edit: the Serra do Mar? I feel dumb but still this is the first Im learning there was a major mountain range there

9

u/teruguw Dec 01 '22

There are a few mountain ranges there. Serra da Mantiqueira, Serra do Mar and Serra do Espinhaço have some of the tallest peaks in Brazil.

12

u/B9f4zze Dec 01 '22

Some killer materia hidden near the southern most tip, but you will need a gold chocobo to reach it.

4

u/goozila1 Dec 01 '22

That's probably a woosh, but it's actually the complete opposite of what you said.

8

u/JGGruber Dec 01 '22

O cara falou que eu moro nos morro, que audácia

37

u/[deleted] Dec 01 '22

How dense are you

→ More replies
→ More replies

19

u/Canilickyourfeet Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 01 '22

I'm lacking on my geography history - was South America once connected to another land mass on the western border that had a long strip of mountains on its eastern border? It looks like it split off from something just as big as the continent. Like there was a weak point at the base of the mountains on the western side and the land broke apart.

42

u/nikodemus_71 Dec 01 '22

No, the mountain range in the Western side comes from an oceanic tectonic plate pretty much sinking under the continental plate and thus raising this other one. Someone with a better knowledge in geology can explain to you in better details.

12

u/IcyAd9404 Dec 02 '22

Subduction zone. The mountain range (lots of stratovolcanoes) formed from partial melting as the subducting plate goes deep enough under the earth. Due to water, it lowers the melting temperature of the rock, thus making the rock easier to melt, which goes to the surface due to density differences and erupts to the surface. Andesite (named after the Andes mountains) should be a pretty common rock in those mountains.

The Andes actually are where the deepest earthquakes on earth were observed (in relation to a subduction zone atleast). Called the Wadatti-Benioff zone. They mapped out the locations of the earthquakes and it perfectly outlines the subducting plate. One of the strongest lines of evidence of plate tectonics.

14

u/vericima Dec 01 '22

The ocean plate is sliding under the continental plate which pushes up on the continental plate.

9

u/HopelesAromantic Dec 01 '22

The Andes are more similar to the Rockies or the Himalayas in that they are created by plate tectonics pushing against each other, in the Andes' case it's a the oceanic plate of Nazca pushing and going under the continental South American plate in a process known as subduction, where the crust thickens and creates mountains, there's a trench of the coast of Peru and Chile where the subduction happens

10

u/sanjosanjo Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 01 '22

The eastern part of South America was once connected to Africa. Scientists find similar plant and animal remains along those edges. The edges even look similar to this day. Here's a timelapse:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V4sFT8s7MnQ

This one is longer, but shows how all the continents used to fit together in Pangea

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKq0pr4rbRs

→ More replies

19

u/TheIronCannoli Dec 01 '22

I love maps/pictures like this

→ More replies

132

u/spicypond Dec 01 '22

Gordon Ramsey “finally some good fucking food” meme but with beautiful data 👍🏻

14

u/traumatized90skid Dec 01 '22

ok so I'm not the only one whose first stupid thought is "delicious tree salad"

3

u/friendly-asshole Dec 01 '22

Hell it reminded me of a T-bone steak

13

u/medievalrubins Dec 01 '22

Wow!!!! This has shed a whole new light on Chile

30

u/Gareth009 Dec 01 '22

What causes the desert in northern Chile?

56

u/Tsu_Dho_Namh Dec 01 '22

According to Wikipedia it's because there's mountains on either side of it. Forming a 2 sided rain shadow.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atacama_Desert#:~:text=Geographically%2C%20the%20aridity%20of%20the,a%20two%2Dsided%20rain%20shadow.

26

u/LegonTW Dec 01 '22

That contributes to part of the desert but there's various factors. General atmosphere circulation tends to inhibit convection (note Hadley Cell), thus rain. Cold ocean current causing low evaporation. Andes range preventing the south american low-level jet to fuel that area with water vapor. Too far to the north to be reachable by low pressure systems from the west. And surely there's more.

→ More replies

28

u/MayonaiseBaron Dec 01 '22

The other two comments about the mountains are correct but the cold Humboldt Current plays a huge part of it as well.

→ More replies
→ More replies

9

u/coolcatmemow Dec 01 '22

looks like a wilted piece of lettuce!

21

u/trim_gennaker Dec 01 '22

Very nice map. Disregarding all political and socioeconomic factors, if you were settling to live somewhere on this continent, where you pick based on climate/geography/geology? Somewhere in the upper left between the mountains and the sea seems nice to me.

25

u/[deleted] Dec 01 '22

[deleted]

20

u/thatswacyo Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 01 '22

Medellin has way better weather than Bogota. Don't move to Bogota unless you like cloudy skies and rain. Also, shift your temperature range down by about 5°C for Bogota.

Here's Bogota compared to Seattle. Scroll down to look at the data on clear skies and rain. I picked Seattle as a place that people typically think of as cloudy and rainy. Compared to Bogota, Seattle is sunny and dry.

13

u/lilelliot Dec 01 '22

I haven't traveled particularly extensively in South America, but I have been along most of coastal Brazil and all of Chile. I would definitely pick a coastal city rather than something inland. I would choose a pretty big city, too, in order to get a modern & cosmopolitan environment with comprehensive social services. Lots of small cities are beautiful and fun to visit, but I can't see myself living there (thinking Punta Arenas, for example, or a few different places along the Brazilian northeastern coast).

7

u/GeoPolar Dec 01 '22

punta arenas, so fucking cold...

3

u/AgoraiosBum Dec 01 '22

Villarica or Pucon would be pretty nice, but it is a bit hard to pop in to the big city from there

→ More replies

10

u/LoreChano Dec 01 '22

The area around Buenos Aires, Uruguay, and southern Brazil have a subtropical climate where you can grow most domesticated plants, both temperate and tropical ones, so that's a good start.

3

u/PointyPython Dec 02 '22

Buenos Aires gets a lot of sun and has a temperate climate, but it's a very humid city so the summer can be brutal (they generally haven't been in the last couple years, but the norm is pretty swampy). It's glorious on those crisp, sunny winter days we get and during the spring and autumn when it's 20-25⁰.

I'd say somewhere like where Mar del Plata is located is better; still temperate but more moderate summers.

2

u/Maxx-Arg-1897 Dec 14 '22

No only BA, central Argentina too.

→ More replies

3

u/trim_gennaker Dec 01 '22

I've just gone to check a map and it seems I've chosen to live in Santo Domingo, Ecuador. Wish me luck!

4

u/too_long_didnt_read5 Dec 01 '22

If it was like a civilization game I would pick around the Buenos Aires Province

→ More replies

8

u/Undersmack Dec 01 '22

I’m pretty sure Sauron lives in the mountains of Southern Chile…

6

u/pcweber111 Dec 01 '22

So what is the plate hitting that's causing the mountains to bunch up on the left?

14

u/shurimalonelybird Dec 01 '22

the Nazca oceanic plate is sliding under the South American continental plate

6

u/WeakLiberal Dec 01 '22

So you put Bogota and smaller Cartagena but left out Medellin??

5

u/valex23 Dec 01 '22

Such a beautiful continent.

12

u/and_some_scotch Dec 01 '22

A) this is beautiful

B) this looks like the world map of an Assassins' Creed game whose open world is all of South America. Which I really want to play now.

5

u/[deleted] Dec 01 '22

I can see why Chile is such a skinny country.

9

u/RobleViejo Dec 01 '22

I live next to the Río de La Plata, the widest River in the World.

Hopefully once our Economy stabilizes we can clean like the Uruguayans did on their side.

→ More replies

7

u/traumatized90skid Dec 01 '22

I'm high and that looks delicious.

Real r/forbiddensnacks salad right there.

3

u/medievalrubins Dec 01 '22

Wow, I wish I discovered this when I smoked. Showcase it on a projector

3

u/BaleFire77 Dec 01 '22

What's your process to create something like this? Assuming GIS -> blender? If you're willing could you explain your process?

→ More replies

3

u/thecasuallurker Dec 01 '22

Now where did that soccer team crash?

→ More replies

3

u/Rynox2000 Dec 02 '22

It amazes me that Chile is a country, considering how long it is.

3

u/repanah222803 Dec 02 '22

TIL, South America has a spine all the way down to the coccyx! Cool!

→ More replies

6

u/ptownb Dec 01 '22

Why is there so much green on the west side of Chile near Argentina... everything else around it is desert...

14

u/ElleRisalo Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 02 '22

The East side of the mountains is likely experiencing desertification due to a Rain Shadow effect caused by the mountains. So the West Coast gets plenty of rain, clouds "skip off" the mountains and due to the narrow nature of the land probably rain out over the Ocean for the most part. Additionally due to the mountains seeds from the growth on the West Coast can't make it to the East Coast and again due to the narrow nature of the land there isn't any growth further East to have seed spread on that side of the mountains.

Similar effects can be seen to the immediate East of the Rocky Mountains...particularly in the North such as Alberta and Montana and of course there is Nevada and Arizona as well with the various California Mountain Ranges (notably Sierra Nevada range) although their desertification was rapidly expedited by Humans altering the courses of several water ways via dams and consumption, a notable example being the Colorado River.

5

u/ptownb Dec 01 '22

Thank you so much!! This was truly insightful

2

u/smuglator Dec 01 '22

Where's the dunes on the northeast?

→ More replies

2

u/random_user163584 Dec 01 '22

Damn, it's really beautiful

2

u/Maximus77x Dec 01 '22

Wow this is absolutely incredible.

2

u/galbandibabu Dec 01 '22

Beautiful! Now do one for Nepal pls! 80m to 8000m elevation in 100km

2

u/poh_market2 Dec 01 '22

I highly recommend you to zoom it

2

u/TheDevilsAdvokaat Dec 01 '22

Thought I spotted a ring shaped area up top but turns out to be a faded out logo,,,

2

u/canihelpyoubreakthat Dec 02 '22

Oh I'm so buying one of your wall maps now, they're amazing.

2

u/Otrica Dec 02 '22

I cannot unsee the face in the map

2

u/fernandohg Dec 02 '22

I live in Brazil and i think this map is too green. I live in north part and pretty much of the land is cattle farms. That north green area should be yellow

→ More replies

2

u/ravocean Dec 02 '22

Would love to see for North America too

2

u/ASMRBawbag Dec 02 '22

That strip down the left looks a little Chile

2

u/hoipolloi_ Dec 02 '22

Beautiful. I want to tilt it so bad.

2

u/Flogie Dec 02 '22

It's hard to grasp how long and large the Andes is.
But this really show it - they are amazing!

2

u/reallyConfusedPanda Dec 02 '22

Oh man... With mountain shadows too? How did you create this map? In blender?

2

u/Bubba_Junior Dec 02 '22

Crazy to think that if South America was in the northern hemisphere the Amazon would be a desert instead of a rainforest

2

u/Allthingsconsidered- Dec 02 '22

Amazing beaches all over Venezuela and Brazil

2

u/elyoungque Dec 02 '22

OP, any chance you could do Korea?

→ More replies

2

u/Jumpshot1370 Dec 02 '22

North and South America have one thing in common - mountains in the west, and a few lower mountains in the east.

But unlike North America which has multiple high mountain ranges, the South is dominated by one huge mountain range.

2

u/netard Dec 04 '22

OP is selling this pictures and giving people wrong instructions on how he did it. He is linking to a tutorial that is years old an cumbersome thus basically undoable.

here is a step by step how to do this kind of imagery fully automated for free in 10 minutes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mj7Z1P2hUWk

2

u/visualgeomatics OC: 7 Dec 05 '22

An interesting tutorial, thanks for sharing. Not quite the same workflow or product as mine but nice nonetheless. The Huffman tutorial taught me the basics and I hadn't heard any one before you complain that it isn't a good tutorial.

145

u/FoolOnThePlanet91 Dec 01 '22

Amazing seeing a whole continent without borders like that. Thanks for sharing!

80

u/themilkman42069 Dec 01 '22

It actually helps understand the borders too and why they exist where they do. Seeing chile this way for example makes me get why it’s not just part of Argentina.

Or why Uruguay occupies the little space that it does

22

u/patagoniac Dec 02 '22 edited Dec 02 '22

why Uruguay occupies the little space that it does

That part of the continent used to be disputed between the Spanish and the Portuguese. At some point "Uruguay" was part of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata along with some other Argentina's provinces. The Portuguese and then Brazil had always wanted to reach the Rio de la Plata (River Plate) due to strategic location, so it went to war with Argentina (having Brazil on the other side of the river was a threat to Buenos Aires). This is where Britain takes part (trade purposes), Uruguay was born as a buffer state between Argentina and Brazil.

As for Chile, Chileans live on the other side of the Andes mountains. Natural borders play a big role in South America. Argentina and Chile never went to war.

2

u/crazy_otsu Dec 02 '22

Uruguay was a buffer state between Argentina and the Empire of Brazil, to avoid wars for the Rio de la plata

Uruguay was a province of the empire of Brazil(cisplatina province). When the province tried independence from brazil, Argentina tried to annex them, and a war started.The peace tract was mediated by the British, who decided to create the western republic of Uruguay

Or something like this

→ More replies

4

u/BillyRay_Valentine Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 02 '22

Am I the only person that thinks that South America looks like Adam Driver?

3

u/[deleted] Dec 01 '22

It looks like Phineas from Phineas and Ferb to me

→ More replies

4

u/mrrooftops Dec 01 '22

you're flattering it with all the green.

3

u/goonersoccereh Dec 02 '22

That’s beautiful. We should get rid of imaginary boundaries created by people and enjoy this beautiful earth.

→ More replies

4

u/guatecoca Dec 02 '22

Chile has 88 of 110 ecosystems, one of the more diverse, and this shows why

2

u/RedditAtWorkIsBad Dec 01 '22

You can just see the continent moving West-ish and piling up all of that rubble in the form of mountains!

2

u/der_Rabe Dec 01 '22

Can anyone add the borders of different countries to it?

2

u/AccomplishedAd6025 Dec 01 '22

Does South America even has a dessert??? It’s so green, I swear it’s paradise.

10

u/moctas28 Dec 01 '22

Yes, in the north of Chile.

7

u/too_long_didnt_read5 Dec 01 '22 edited Dec 01 '22

There is very dry places on Brazil and Argentina too

2

u/jjolla888 Dec 02 '22

half of Argentina appears to be almost desert.

does it have any mineral resources there?

→ More replies

4

u/LoreChano Dec 01 '22

Northern half of Chile, parts of Bolivia and Peru, southern Argentina are all huge deserts. Northeastern Brazil is also very arid although not a proper desert (yet). For some reason this map colored these areas green anyway but they should be lighter brown.

2

u/PointyPython Dec 02 '22

Northewestern Argentina too. Not as dry as the Atacama region on the other side of the Andes but San Juan, Catamarca and Jujuy all have areas that are considered deserts

2

u/Maxx-Arg-1897 Dec 14 '22

San Juan pertenece a Cuyo no al NOA.

→ More replies